Writing and Citation Guideline
Writing rules
1. Title: It should reflect the content of the article; it should be written in CAPITAL LETTERS and bold characters with 11 points. (Alignment: from left – no indent – ​​spacing: first 0 pt- then 6 pt – line spacing: odd)
2. Author’s name(s) and address(es): It should be written left aligned after the title, with the surname in all capital letters, without a title (11 font size). (Alignment: from the left – pacing: 6 pt before and after – line spacing: single) Author’s title, institution (school, faculty, department), e-mail address and ORCID number should be shown as footnotes (*) (9 points).
3. Abstract: At the beginning of the article, there should be an abstract of at least 150 and maximum 200 words, expressing the subject in a short and concise manner, in 10 font size; “Keywords” consisting of 3-5 words should be written one line below the abstract. English title, abstract and keywords should be added under Turkish/Urdu title (if any), abstract and keywords. (Alignment: justified – indent 1 cm from the left – spacing: 6 pt before and after – line spacing: odd – 10 points)
4. Heading: All the main headings are in capital letters, bold, the first letters of the subheadings are capitalized; Subheadings should be written in lower case letters, followed by a colon (:) at the end. No headings should use auto-title, auto-numbering or similar marking! If headings are to be numbered, this must be done manually.
Main, intermediate, and sub-headings should be as follows. No headings should use auto-title, auto-numbering or similar marking! If headings are to be numbered, this must be done manually.
5. Main text:
a. Articles must be in standard A4 size), with margins of 2.5 cm from the top-bottom-right and left, written in Microsoft Word 2010 or higher programs (and must be saved in .docx format) (in. dsgn, .pages, formats, depending on the computer used by the author) can also be prepared). Where required by the text, transcription letters may be used, provided the fonts are also provided in a file (Alignment: justified – no indentation – 1 cm from the first line left – spacing 6 pt before - 6 pt after – line spacing: single – baskerville 12 pt).
No automatic page numbers and no footers or headers should be added to the text! No automatic action commands (such as index entry items, automatic table of contents, automatic heading, automatic numbering, automatic formatting, automatic reference, or macro) should be left in the body of the text!
b. The length of the submitted article; The abstract should not exceed 8000 (eight thousand) words, including keywords, extended summary, text, and bibliography.
c. Whether to use titles such as "Introduction", "Conclusion" depends on the preference of the author and the necessity of the subject. Main and sub-headings can be used to provide a systematic order.
d. Charts, tables, photographs, etc. the material should be prepared in accordance with scientific rules; It should be easy to understand, simple and have sufficient explanation. The texts in the table should be written in 9-point font and should be suitable for editing. Automatic processing commands of Word or other programs used should not be used for naming and numbering tables!
Citation (Citation):
Our congress is based on the 9th Edition of the MLA (Modern Language Association) citation system. Quotations and references are given below with examples. For references without examples, version 9 of the MLA citation system should be obtained from
1. In-text quotations should be written “in quotation marks”; Italic characters should not be used. Quotations that exceed three lines should be given 1 cm from the left, without quotation marks, and one point smaller than the text (block quote). Footnotes should be used only in mandatory explanations; other references should be shown in the text.
2. If the author’s name or surname is not mentioned before the citation, it should be written in parentheses after the citation (Surname XX). If it is mentioned, only the page number should be enough. The punctuation mark of the sentence following the quote should be used after the information in parentheses.
Example: (Korkmaz 318)
If more than one source is to be cited on the same subject, semicolons (;) should be placed between them.
Example: (Atay 199; Gariper 23)
In publications with two authors, the surnames of the authors should be written as follows:
(Barkan and Ayverdi 78)
In publications with three or more authors, only the surname of the first author and “et al/etc.” should be written:
(Gökay et al. 18)
If the name of the cited author is given in the text, only the page number of the source should be written:
İbrahim Şahin (131), on this subject…
If references are made to two or more works by the same author, they should be distinguished by writing the first few words of the publication after the surname of the author:
(Tüzer, Fikret Urgup 99).
(Tüzer, Şiire Damıtılmış Hayat, 199).
In the publications of authors with the same surname, the name of the author should be abbreviated before the surname:
(O. Atay 685).
(S. Atay 76).
3. If references are to be made in footnote explanations, the same procedure should be followed there.
Example: For more information on this subject, Levend 189-207; Dilçin 296; Kut 18.
4. In citations from secondary sources, the original source should also be indicated:
Example: Süleyman Nazif (40, from Bilgegil 27).
Book bibliography:
Book by One Author
Mantel, Hilary. Wolf Hall. Picador, 2010.
Book by an Unknown Author
Beowulf. Translated by Alan Sullivan and Timothy Murphy, edited by Sarah Anderson, Pearson, 2004.
An Edited Book
Sánchez Prado, Ignacio M., editor. Mexican Literature in Theory. Bloomsbury, 2018.
Online Works
Article on a website
Deresiewicz, William. “The Death of the Artist—and the Birth of the Creative Entrepreneur.” The Atlantic, 28 Dec. 2014, the-death-of-the-artist-and-the-birth-of-thecreative-entrepreneur/383497/.
Book on a website
Poe, Edgar Allan. “The Masque of the Red Death.” The Complete Works of Edgar Allan Poe, edited by James A. Harrison, vol. 4, Thomas Y. Crowell, 1902, pp. 250-58. HathiTrust Digital Library,
Journal Article in a Database
Goldman, Anne. “Questions of Transport: Reading Primo Levi Reading Dante.” The Georgia Review, vol. 64, no. 1, spring 2010, pp. 69-88. JSTOR,
Songs, Recordings, and Performances
Song from an Album
Snail Mail. “Thinning.” Habit, Sister Polygon Records, 2016. Vinyl EP.
Song on a website
Snail Mail. “Thinning.” Bandcamp,
Concert Attended in Person
Beyoncé. The “Formation” World Tour. 14 May 2016, Rose Bowl, Los Angeles.
Movies, Videos, and Television Shows
A Movie Viewed in Person
Opening Night. Directed by John Cassavetes, Faces Distribution, 1977.
A Movie Viewed Online
Richardson, Tony, director. Sanctuary. Screenplay by James Poe, Twentieth Century Fox, 1961. YouTube, uploaded by LostCinemaChannel, 17 July 2014,
A Television Show Viewed on Physical Media
“Hush.” 1999. Buffy the Vampire Slayer: The Complete Fourth Season, created by Joss Whedon, episode 10, Mutant Enemy / Twentieth Century Fox, 2003, disc 3. DVD.
A Photograph Viewed in Person
Cameron, Julia Margaret. Alfred, Lord Tennyson. 1866, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.
A Painting Viewed Online
Bearden, Romare. The Train. 1975. MOMA,
An Untitled Image from a Print Magazine
Karasik, Paul. Cartoon. The New Yorker, 14 Apr. 2008, p. 49.